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Full Form RTI

The full form of  RTI is “Right to Information”. RTI is an Act of the Parliament of India to establish the practical rule of right to information for citizens and to change the First Freedom of Information Act 2002. It is a fundamental right under Article 19 (1) of the Constitution.


The Constitution came into force on 26 January 1950 after India gained independence in 1947, but the Constitution makers did not make any mention of it in the Constitution nor did it amend the Government Secrets Act 1923 made by the British. The incoming governments took advantage of the provisions of sections 5 and 6 of the Privacy Act, 1923 and kept the information hidden from the public. Some awareness of the right to information came in early 1975 from “Government of Uttar Pradesh vs. Raj Narayan”.

What is the history of RTI?

The first application of RTI was given to Pune Police Station. Disclosure of information in India was prohibited by the Official Secrets Act 1923 and several other special laws that fall short of the new RTI Act. It supports the fundamental rights of citizens. Similarly, there are other rules like National Highways Act 1956, Gratuity Rules etc.

Benefits of RTI

  • Any citizen can get information from any government department.
  • This right rests with a common citizen who works to bring more transparency in the work or administration of the government.
  • This is a major step against corruption.

What information should be sought under RTI?

  • We cannot use this right to seek the opinion of any government department. We can use it to get information about facts.
  • Such as: How many medicines come in the dispensary, how much was spent in parks and cleanliness, how many appointments were made in a government office? Also, how much money came to build the road and where was it spent?
  • All government departments, prime ministers, chief ministers, power companies, banks, schools, colleges, hospitals, presidents, police, power companies are covered under the RTI Act.
  • People have gained many such information with the use of RTI, which has solved their everyday problems.
  • Information or confidential information related to the security of the government does not come under this right.

RTI submission fees

  • There is a fee of Rs 10 / – along with the application form for obtaining information from any government department.
  • This fee is waived for those below the poverty line.

Advantages of RTI

Ever since the right to information came into force, people have benefited a lot from it and this has protected the interests of the general public. We are telling you about some special benefits arising from the right to information here.

  • Citizens can get information related to the basic needs such as the use of the budget for electricity, water and roads, and can get complete details from the institute about how much budget was passed for which work and how much of it has been used.
  • By using this law, anyone can complain of corruption.
  • Any person can ask for information related to his personal life such as information related to provident fund, pension information, information related to tax, information of Passport, Aadhar card and PAN card .
  • By using this scheme, you can ask for all information of any kind of fact from the government institution. But we cannot use this law to know the opinion of any government institution.
  •  All government institutions, central government, state government, schools, colleges, banks, post offices, railways, hospitals, police, electricity board, BSNL etc. all come under this act.
  • The biggest thing is that the right to information protects all the rights of the common man and ensures transparency towards the government for all citizens.

What is the purpose of RTI?

  • This is a revolutionary act and RTI aims to curb corruption.
  • Transparency of administration tasks before the people.
  • Under this Act, any person can ask for information from any department.